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Edwards v. McElliotts Trucking, LLC

United States District Court, S.D. West Virginia, Huntington Division

August 22, 2017

McELLIOTTS TRUCKING, LLC; DANNY McGOWAN, individually and as an employee of McElliotts Trucking, LLC and/or as agent of Cardinal Transport; CARDINAL TRANSPORT, INC.; HAROLD MIDKIFF, individually as agent driver of McElliotts Trucking, LLC and/or as agent driver of Cardinal Transport, Inc., Defendants.



         Pending before the Court are Defendant Cardinal Transport's Omnibus Motions in Limine, ECF No. 102, and Motion in Limine to Exclude Expert Testimony of Brooks Rugermer, ECF No. 101. For the following reasons the Omnibus Motions are GRANTED in part and DENIED in part.

         Cardinal subdivided its Omnibus Motion into fifteen different motions each designated by a letter of the alphabet, starting with the letter “A.” The Court will address each lettered motion in turn.

         A. Motion to preclude reference to the maintenance or brakes on the subject forklift being inadequate or in any way contributing to the accident

         Cardinal believes that Plaintiff Richard Edwards has not produced any evidence to support a theory that the brakes of the forklift used to lift the rod that injured him, and therefore, Edwards should be precluded from introducing an argument based on this theory. In response Edwards claims that during discovery he requested maintenance records of the forklift from Defendants. Defendant McElliotts Trucking, owner of the forklift, informed Edwards that it had no maintenance logs at the time but would supplement discovery when they were located. McElliotts never provided the logs, if any ever existed. Although the record was never supplemented, Edwards never moved the Court for an order compelling the production of maintenance records. At this stage in the case Edwards has forfeited his right to those materials and shall be precluded from referencing the lack of maintenance records at trial.

         Nevertheless, Edwards has produced evidence that the forklift's brakes may not have been operating properly. In his deposition testimony, Edwards testified that when the forklift is in either forward or reverse gear and the brake is depressed, the brakes would release after a short time and the forklift would start moving. Edwards Dep. 79, Pl.'s Resp. to Def.'s Omnibus Mots. in Limine, Ex. 2, ECF No. 110-2. The driver would have to reapply the brake to stop the forklift. Id. There is no reason why Edwards should be precluded from testifying about his personal knowledge of the condition and workings of the forklift. The testimony is relevant to the cause of his injury. GRANTED in part and DENIED in part.

         B. Motion to preclude reference to any OSHA regulations

         The Motion requests the Court limit Edward's expert Brooks Rugermer from testifying about the applicability of OSHA regulations to the site of Edwards injury. This motion is in addition to Cardinal's motion to exclude Brooks Rugermer, Edwards' expert on OSHA safety regulations, among other things. Cardinal argues that Rugermer's testimony advances inadmissible legal conclusions about which OSHA regulations apply to the site of the injury and, in the alternative, as a matter of law OSHA regulations do not apply to this case and therefore reference to them should be inadmissible.

         Edwards plans to advance a negligence per se theory of liability at trial. Thus, whether a particular OSHA regulation is applicable and was violated by Defendants is of paramount concern to the success of Edwards' case. The Court, however, cannot make a determination on Cardinal's Motion based on the meager briefing before the Court. Neither party adequately treats the subject in their briefing, offering only conclusory statements. Edwards further muddies the waters with references to OSHA regulations not mentioned in Rugermer's expert report and not discussed in the excerpt of the deposition testimony that accompanied Cardinal's motion to exclude Rugermer's testimony.

         Accordingly, the Court will HOLD this motion in ABEYANCE. Edwards shall submit to the Court a supplemental response that recites with particularity every OSHA regulation discussed in Rugermer's expert report or during his deposition testimony and was violated by Defendants. The applicability of the named regulations to the site where Edwards was injured should be supported with specific citations to case law and other legal precedent, including, but not limited to, OSHA guidance documents. Edwards shall tender the supplemental response fourteen days from the date of this order. Defendants shall have seven days to reply. The Court will take up the issue at a Pretrial Motions Hearing scheduled for October 3, 2017 at 10:00 a.m.

         C. Motion to preclude any references to free rigging as being a violation of OSHA regulations or as contributing to the accident

         Cardinal contends that Edwards has not produced any evidence that Defendants did not observe OSHA regulations concerning free rigging. Cardinal's motion implicates the same concerns the Court had in the previous motion. It is not clear which OSHA regulations are implicated-Rugermer quoted a guidance document in his expert report and within that quotation a number of regulations were cited, not all of which are obviously applicable. If not already clear from the Court's treatment of the previous motion, Edwards should include a discussion of OSHA free rigging regulations in his supplemental reply.

         Cardinal also argues that all the evidence in the case indicates that the metal rod was resting on the truck when it fell, and therefore, however the forklift was rigged, it was not a cause of Edwards' injury. Discussion of the rigging, therefore, should be inadmissible. Quite the contrary, Edwards testified in his deposition that the rod fell while McGowan was placing it on the trailer. Edwards Dep. 71. When he examined his leg after the rod fell on it, the rod was still hooked to the forklift by the rigging installed by McGowan. Id. Cardinal's motion requests the Court resolve a factual dispute properly left to the jury. Evidence of how the forklift was rigged may be introduced as it is relevant to the cause of Edwards' injury. DENIED.

         D. Motion to preclude any references to use or non-use of personal protective equipment as causing ...

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