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In re Boston Scientific Corp. Pelvic Repair System Products Liability Litigation

United States District Court, S.D. West Virginia, Charleston Division

April 11, 2017

IN RE BOSTON SCIENTIFIC CORP., PELVIC REPAIR SYSTEM PRODUCTS LIABILITY LITIGATION
v.
Boston Scientific Corp. THIS DOCUMENT RELATES TO Deanna Rae

          MEMORANDUM OPINION & ORDER

          JOSEPH R. GOODWIN UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE

         Pending before the court is Boston Scientific Corp.'s (“BSC”) Motion to Dismiss [ECF No. 10]. The plaintiff has responded to the motion [ECF No. 13], making it ripe for decision. For the reasons stated below, BSC's Motion to Dismiss [ECF No. 10] is GRANTED in part and DENIED in part.

         I. Background

         This case resides in one of seven MDLs assigned to me by the Judicial Panel on Multidistrict Litigation concerning the use of transvaginal surgical mesh to treat pelvic organ prolapse and stress urinary incontinence. In the seven MDLs, there are over 75, 000 cases currently pending, over 19, 000 of which are in the BSC MDL, MDL 2326. Managing multidistrict litigation requires the court to streamline certain litigation procedures in order to improve efficiency for the parties and the court. Some of these management techniques simplify the parties' discovery responsibilities. Pretrial Order (“PTO”) # 16, for example, ensures that BSC receives the plaintiff-specific information necessary to defend the cases against it. Under PTO # 16, each plaintiff in this MDL must submit a Plaintiff Profile Form (“PPF”) to act as interrogatory answers under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 33 and responses to requests for production under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 34. See PTO # 16, No. 2:12-md-2326, entered Oct. 4, 2012 [ECF No. 211]. Each plaintiff must submit a PPF within 60 days of filing a Short Form Complaint. Id. at ¶ 1(b). Failure to do so subjects the plaintiff “to sanctions, to be determined by the court, upon motion of the defendants.” Id. ¶ 1(i). The parties jointly drafted the requirements for PTO # 16, and I entered it as applicable to every one of the thousands of cases in this MDL.

         Here, the plaintiff's case was transferred to this court on October 9, 2014, and her PPF was due to BSC by December 8, 2014. The plaintiff did not submit a PPF during this time period. Indeed, the plaintiff did not submit a PPF until January 27, 2017, making the PPF more than 782 days late. BSC asks the court to dismiss the plaintiff's case or, alternatively, sanction the plaintiff a reasonable monetary penalty under the terms and conditions that the court deems appropriate. The plaintiff, while admitting that the PPF was untimely, insists sanctions are not appropriate because the discovery deficiency was cured and there was no bad faith present.

         II. Legal Standard

         Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 37(b)(2) provides that a court may issue “just orders” when a party fails to provide or permit discovery. Fed.R.Civ.P. 37(b)(2)(A). In the MDL world, this authority has particular significance. An MDL judge bears the “enormous” task of “mov[ing] thousands of cases toward resolution on the merits while at the same time respecting their individuality, ” and to carry out this task in a smooth and efficient manner, the judge must establish and, more importantly, enforce rules for discovery. In re Phenylpropanolamine Prods. Liab. Litig., 460 F.3d 1217, 1231 (9th Cir. 2006). Rule 37(b)(2) supplies the tool for this enforcement, allowing a judge to impose sanctions when a party fails to comply with the court's discovery orders. See Id. at 1232 (“[A] willingness to resort to sanctions, sua sponte if necessary, may ensure compliance with the [discovery] management program.” (internal citation omitted)); see also Freeman v. Wyeth, 764 F.3d 806, 810 (8th Cir. 2014) (“The MDL judge must be given ‘greater discretion' to create and enforce deadlines in order to administrate the litigation effectively.”).[1]

         III. Discussion

         The circumstances of this case lead me to impose the sanction provided in Rule 37(b)(2)(C), which requires the disobeying party to pay “the reasonable expenses, including attorney's fees, caused by the [discovery] failure, unless the failure was substantially justified or other circumstances make an award of expenses unjust.” Fed.R.Civ.P. 37(b)(2)(C). The plaintiff has not provided substantial justification for her failure to timely submit to discovery. Furthermore, there are no circumstances that make this sanction unjust. Although the discovery violation has since been cured, it nevertheless resulted in litigation expenses for BSC. Applying Rule 37(b)(2)(C) ensures that the disobeying party, rather than the innocent party, bears those costs. Accordingly, BSC's Motion to Dismiss is DENIED in part in regards to dismissing the plaintiff's claim and GRANTED in part to the extent that it seeks the payment of reasonable expenses.

         To bring this Motion to Dismiss, BSC expended time and money identifying Ms. Rae as one of the non-compliant plaintiffs; assessing the effect of her discovery violations; drafting a motion to dismiss or for sanctions; serving the motion; and replying to the plaintiff's brief in opposition. Based on my understanding of the economic and administrative realities of multidistrict litigation, I conclude that a more representative, though still minimal, valuation of BSC's expenses, and the proper sanction in this case, is in the amount of $1000.

         IV. Conclusion

         It is therefore ORDERED that the plaintiff has 30 business days from the entry of this Order to pay BSC $1000 as minimal partial compensation for the reasonable expenses caused by the plaintiff's failure to comply with discovery.[2] In the event that the plaintiff does not provide adequate or timely payment, the court will consider ordering a show-cause hearing in Charleston, West Virginia, upon motion by the defendants. It is further ORDERED that BSC's Motion to Dismiss [ECF No. 10] is GRANTED in part and DENIED in part. Finally, it is ORDERED that plaintiff's counsel send a copy of this Order to the plaintiff via certified mail, return receipt requested, and file a copy of the receipt.

         The court DIRECTS the Clerk to send a copy of this Order to counsel of ...


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